Nature is created without photoshop.
Analogue process is what stands out in my creative work. I learned the technique of shooting on film and its further processing at the amateur level as early as 1969. However, my dedicated engagement in black and white photography starts in 1978.
As to the current situation, there is an ILFORD based photo studio for black and white materials that has been functioning since 2017. So, a possibility is opened to produce creative works and various methods of their processing.
The following could be placed among the most interesting alternative methods - photography (Emka), biological action on negative (extreme graphics), image transformation by diffusion optics (soft transpiration).